Concussion

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CONCUSSION?

The symptoms of concussion tend to vary with time

 

IMMEDIATELY:

concussion medley

- Vacant stare (befuddled facial expression)

 

- Delayed verbal and motor responses (slow to answer questions or follow instructions)

 

- Confusion and inability to focus attention (easily distracted and unable to follow through with normal activities)

 

- Disorientation (walking in the wrong direction, unaware of time, date. and place)

 

- Slurred or incoherent speech (making disjointed or incomprehensible statements)

 

- Gross observable decrease in coordination (stumbling, inability to walk tandem/straight line)

 

- Emotions out of proportion to circumstances (distraught, crying for no apparent reason)

 

- Memory deficits (exhibited by the athlete repeatedly asking the same question that has already been answered, or inability to memorize and recall 3 of 3 words or 3 of 3 objects in 5 minutes)

 

- Any period of loss of consciousness (paralytic coma, unresponsiveness to arousal)

 

WITHIN THE FIRST FEW HOURS:

concussion headache- Headache

 

- Dizziness, loss of equilibrium or vertigo

 

- Lack of awareness of surroundings

 

- Nausea or vomiting

 

 

LATE (DAYS TO WEEKS):

brain injury soldiers2- Persistent low grade and sometimes even severe headache, or both

 

- Light-headedness

 

- Poor attention and concentration

 

- Memory dysfunction

 

- Easy fatigability

 

- Irritability and low frustration tolerance

 

- Intolerance of bright lights or difficulty focusing vision

 

- Intolerance of loud noises, sometimes ringing in the ears

 

- Intolerance to heat

 

- Anxiety and/or depressed mood

 

- Sleep disturbance

 

- Decreased reaction time and balance (usually the last symptom to resolve)

 

As a rule... The longer the symptoms last the more severe the concussion.